13 October 2005




Join Isabel Fuente and Jim Lloyd for a tour of several of Guadalajara’s most famous Orozco murals accompanied by noted art historian Manuel Aguilar Moreno.  Before visiting the murals in Guadalajara’s historic district, professor Aguilar will discuss the role of murals in Mexican culture and history, including the work of Guadalajara artist, José Clemente Orozco (1883-1949).


JOSÉ CLEMENTE OROZCO was born at a time when Mexico was ruled by a seemingly revolution-proof dictator. He was in an ideal position to depict how difficult the efforts of the Mexican people would be to obtain social justice. 


Early in his career, Orozco’s art criticized the rigid political structure of the time. Like the artists of the Renaissance, Orozco wanted to let in air and light.  By 1922 he was heavily involved in painting murals in many cities depicting conditions in post-revolutionary Mexico.

Between 1927 and 1934 Orozco lived in the United States. In New York his pictures embraced two themes: the Mexican Revolution and the mechanization and dehumanization of life in a great metropolis.  His works can be found in museums in New York, Cleveland, Chicago, San Francisco and Washington DC.  On his return to Mexico, Orozco worked in Guadalajara between 1936 and 1939. In the vaulting of Government Palace he painted such celebrated frescos as "The People and Its Leaders" and, on the staircase, his picture of Miguel Hidalgo, father of Mexican independence, holding a flaming torch (left picture above).

Orozco reached the summit of his art with the frescos he painted for the Hospicio Cabañas (right picture above). These include a historical panorama of Mexico showing the pre-Hispanic world of the great Indian civilizations, the Conquest, visions of the downtrodden, the perils of alienation and dictatorship, the Revolution, creative activity and a man engulfed in flames.  After his death in 1949, he was buried in Mexico City's Rotunda of Illustrious Men.

Art Historian MANUEL AGUILAR MORENO was born in Guadalajara.  He received a Masters Degree in Latin American studies in 1977 at the University ITESO and a Ph.D. in Art History and Anthropology at the University of Texas in Austin in 1999.  He has traveled and lectured extensively in the United States, Europe, Asia and Africa.  He has taught History of Art, Universal History and Literary Genders of the Bible at ITESO, Instituto de Ciendias in Guadalajara and the University of San Diego in California.

Besides writing articles in academic publications, he has written many books, including: El Panteón de Belén: Un estudio-arquitectónico (1992); En busca del  Atlquiahuit: Cajititlán (1995); El Sentido de la Biblia (1994); El Panteón de Belén y El Culto a los Muertos en México: Una búsqueda de lo sobrenatural (1997); The Cult of the Dead in Mexico: Continuity of a Millennial Tradition (1998); La Perfección del Silencio. El Panteón de Belén y el Culto a los Muertos en Mexico (2003); Ulama (2004); Handbook of Life in the Aztec World (Dic. 2005) and is presently working on El Arte Tequitqui de Mexico, una Transculturación Indio-Cristiana (2006).


Dr. Aguilar is a professor of Art History and Latin American Studies at the State University of Los Angeles, California.  He also teaches a summer course, Mexican Art History, at the University of San Diego.  His enthusiastic style and knowledge promises to bring these historical and artistic murals to life for us.


TIME: Depart from Lloyd’s at 9:00 AM

PRICE: $450 pesos per person

INCLUDED IN TOUR: Transportation, lecture and guided tour of Orozco murals at the Cabanas.

RESERVATIONS and FULL PAYMENT by October 6th.  No refund after the 6th of October. Space limited.

LUNCH, at a popular Centro Guadalajara restaurant, is NOT included in the price of the tour.


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